SCI/EI/SSCI等英文论文遣词用句写作技巧总结

SCI论文写作技巧/

这一部分应该是你最关心的,前面都是铺垫,在写论文前我们最好是先把实验原理图或者流程图还有数据图先做好,把所有的准备工作做好后就要开始写作了。写作主要分三部分:

01[基本语法]
02[常用词汇] 
03[常用句型]


01. 写作中常出现的语法问题

SCI写作中经常会遇到语法问题,特别需要注意的有:

a 主语和谓语的单数和复数要一致(单数主语名词+动词单数形式,复数主语名词+动词复数形式,这是个非常容易犯错的语法)

1: A high percentage of peptides that are made of amino acids are present in the sample.

A high percentage才是真正主语,所以用单数is

b 修饰语同主语名词要一致(当用动名词/分词短语/不定式短语作修饰语时,修饰语中的动词要同主句中的主语名词关系上要一致)

c 主语和主语的行动(谓语)在逻辑上一致

d 代名词和记代理的先行词要一致

上述只是给大家列出了几个常见的语法问题我算了下所有要注意的语法点有二十个左右吧,不是很多吧,我就不一一列出了,因为这篇文章已经快 1 万字了。怕进了你们收藏夹就雪藏了。可以从羊驼舍这个公众号里去看,里面讲的更加透彻。每个语法问题给大家至少两个例句,大家也可以看这篇文章更加详细。

03 SCI写作常见的语法问题​mp.weixin.qq.com图标

02. 常用词汇

论文写作中特别注意用词要准确,我第一篇小论文就遇到过这样的问题,当时我导师帮我修改论文时就帮我揪出了这个问题,科技论文一定要注意准确用词,用词不确定时最好查查字典哈。

例如promote一般指职位的提升,在论文中这就不能当increase来使用。

例如perform表一个行动,不指某个具体事物浓度不用perform,但测浓度可以用perform

a 结论或者推理的词汇

从实验观察和数据到结论的推理过程中,在事实和理论的关系上可能有从与...一致到表示到证明等不同的轻若关系,在选择用词上要合理。英语中常用的词是:is compatible with, imply, suggest, show, indicate, prove从前到后是一个从弱到强的顺序。

is compatible/consistent/line with表合理解释,不矛盾但可能还有其他解释。

imply/suggest表示支持现在的结论,这个结论比其他的更加合理,但不能证明就是这个结论。

indicate/show/demonstrate更加确定,表示就是这个结论了,其他可能性不大。

prove表示完全肯定,没有任何其他可能性了,科研中很少有这种情况,用prove要注意。

b 用词保持一致

论文从头到尾用词要保持一致,特别是单位。比如时间单位分钟,可用全拼minutes,也可简写成min,但只能用一种写法,再例如FigureFig也只能二选一。

c 描述课题意义和重要性的词汇

associate with/attention/characterize/composed of/consist of/evidence/interest/involve/relate to/ participate/role

d 描述某领域现状或作者研究计划的词汇

characterize/demonstrate/discover/elucidate/find/establish/evaluate/examine/reveal/explore/study/ identify/investigate/monitor

e 用以描述需要解决的问题的常用词

address/although/aim/approach/describle/despite/however/present/prompt/purpose/remain/report/ represent/unfortunately/in contrast

f 用于举例的词

in case of/like/especially/for example/specifically/ for instance/include/in particular/such as

g 描述实验部分的词汇

according to/achieve/acquire/afford/allow/assess/ carry out/collect/conduct/do/expose/from/obtain/ keep/furnish/generate/perform/prepare/produce/ proceed/provide/yield/purchase/record/undertake/ subject to/treat/ undertake

h 描述先后顺序的词

follow/immediate/instant/in the course of/during the course of/simultaneous/ subsequent/then

i 描述实验结果的词汇

affect/alter/analyze/confirm/consider/detect/determine/develop/distinguish/exert/exhibit/illustrate/interact/lead to/manipulate/mediate/modify/show/ modulate/observe/present/result in/retain

j 描述减少/降低/阻碍等词

decrease/hamper/inhibit/prevent/reduce/suppress/elevate/enhance/increase/raise/stimulate

k 用于比较的词语

agree/compare/consistent with/equivalent/fold/in line with/match/resemble/similar/ respectively/ versus

l 常用修饰词

apparent/clearly/compelling/completely/considerable/critical/dramatic/essential/exactly/exclusively/extremely/highly/likely/nearly/permanently/potentially/precisely/predominantly/radically/readily/roughly/spontaneously/strongly/substantial/surprisingly/thoroughly/approximately04 SCI常用词汇和句型​mp.weixin.qq.com图标

03常用句型

论文写作主要是简单句,不要以为一句很长的话会让你的文章变得高大尚,这就大错特错了。因为句子长的话不容易懂,二是容易犯语法错误,下面是我看文献总结的一些句型。

a 目的语句

1.to develop the methods for... 
2.the effect of various sth on the growth,sth were studied.

b 文献回顾语句

1.during the past decades, much work has been done to... 
2.sth play important physiopathological and therapeutic roles in sth. 
3.several sth have been studied for their effe-cts on the reduction of IOP and their role in the treatment of A.

c 引起人们重视的语句

During the past decade, there has been an incre-asing interest in...

d 研究表明的语句

1.little is known about....
2.there have been only a few attempts to...
3.the role of remains sth clarified....
4.compared with our knowledge of sth little is known about...
5.However, the effects of sth havn't been inves-tigated throughly.
6.sth has never been satisfactorily explained.

e 研究目的语句

1.the porpose of the present study was to inves-tigate sth by some methods.
2.we also wanted to study factors influencing sth content and production, as well as the...

f 比较分析类语句

1.recently sth studies indicate that A is different from B and similar to C, eg, the occurrence of A is related to the sunlight exposure and...whereas the B are not.
2.the diference between the A and B may deter-mined by the different enviromental and...
3.these results indicated that X only stimulated cell growth at a high concentration.

g 与…相反,相反地…

http://1.In contrast to...
2.By contrast, sth may play a major role in the differentiation of sth.
3.Contrary to T, sth processed and presented on their native state.

h 证明语句

http://1.In order to ascertain that...
2.To confirm that CSR led to proper recombina-tion we amplified PSTs for each isotype by using specific primers.

i 值得注意的语句

1.It is noteworthy that N exhibit two transcripts, because of......
2.It is important to note that several observatio-ns indicate that...

j 综上所述语句

1.these results indicate that...
2.Taken together with our previous study in vitro data indicating that...
3.These observations collectively demonstrate that regulated sthcan affect sth's development depending on the context of its expression.

k 表示要进一步研究的语句…

1.However, further studies are needed to determ-ine the extent to which....

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